Surfactants Monthly Review – September 2014
News from China, at the beginning of the month: With the current weakness in China demand that saw the regional prices of fatty alcohol ethoxylates (FAE) fall to a 10-month low, producers have started to look at the Australian and Turkish markets, which by themselves, I expect can do little to absorb unutilized capacity in China.
Continued wrangling in India as the country imposes provisional safeguard duty on fatty alcohols imports. As reported by ICIS on September 4th, India has imposed a provisional safeguard duty of 20% on some of its saturated fatty alcohols imports from southeast Asia. The duty is valid for 200 days from 28 August will apply to imports of the material from Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand, according to the country’s Ministry of Finance, adding that this will not apply to imports from other developing countries. This is in response to a petition filed by India’s major chemical and consumer product company VVF, with the support of Godrej Industries, on 13 February. The petition sought safeguard duty on imports of all saturated fatty alcohols from C8-18, including pure-cut and blends. VVF claimed that a surge of fatty alcohols import to India over the past three to four years has caused serious damage to the domestic fatty alcohols industry, making it less competitive. I think any objective observer would agree. However, whether a “safeguard” duty is the appropriate response, is a matter for vigorous debate. An investigation into the issue was initiated on 13 February, in which comments from industry players were sought over a 30-day period. On 26 August, a public hearing attended by around 60 affected parties was held in New Delhi to address the issue, market sources said. The imposition of safeguard duty two days after the hearing was bad news for major importers of fatty alcohols in India, although some surfactant manufacturers with export markets said they could still import fatty alcohols without duty payment. One expects that Galaxy is among them.
In the first week of September, ICIS reported that Asian spot linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) prices were stable, after falling by up to $30/tonne in the previous week. It is likely that continued weak demand in the region is driving this decline.
Meanwhile in the European EO market, the contract price dropped €45/tonne in line with an ethylene decrease .According to ICIS, unverified production problems at a European plant have resulted in customers having to seek material from other sellers, market participants said. This, coupled with imminent shutdowns, has led to a shortage of availability, particularly into the ethoxylates sector. There is a three-week shutdown scheduled at BASF’s 345,000 tonne/year EO and 25,000 tonne/year ethylene glycol (EG) unit in Ludwigshafen, Germany, that will start from the last week of September. Clariant has a planned turnaround at its Gendorf facility in Germany, from 20 September until 6 October. The plant has a nameplate capacity of 240,000 tonnes/year of EO equivalents. Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen SA (PKN) is scheduled to close for maintenance in Plock, Poland, from 9-30 September at its 115,000 tonne/year EO and 84,000 tonne/year EG plants.
Sasol has made news in our blog a lot this past year. The company announced full year financial results on Monday 8 September. Along with that, CEO David Constable emphasized that the shift in strategy in the past three years has been away from coal processing (into liquids and chemicals) towards GTL (gas to liquids). The company has been quick to secure a stronger production foothold in the US where it can take advantage of abundant natural gas and natural gas liquids (NGLs) feedstock. The investment decision on its 1.5m tonne/year cracker in Louisiana is expected this year.
Sasol plans to build three 400,000 tonne/year plus polyethylene units, two in Louisiana, one in Texas – a joint venture with INEOS. Sasol management has moved decisively away from coal to liquids (CTL) investments Indonesia, China and India towards gas-based projects in Southern Africa and in North America. Upstream, it has continued to invest in gas exploration and in gas infrastructure in southern Africa. The potential gas-based investments in Louisiana are significant. The initial projects are in chemicals – principally the ethane cracker and polyethylene units. But GTL could follow, as could a mooted GTL plant in Canada.
Homing in on surfactants; the group’s olefins and surfactants (O&S) businesses produced 49% higher operating profits. As discussed at our recent ICIS European Surfactants Conference, Sasol’s US business continues to benefit from low US ethane prices. However, the European operations are still under margin pressure on the back of softer demand coupled with high petrochemical feedstock prices, according to Sasol’s CFO.
Big news of the month included Eastman’s announcement of a planned $2.8bn acquisition of global amines producer Taminco. Mark Costa, CEO of Eastman, talked about purchasing synergies with ICIS’ Joe Chang, particularly in EO, Methanol and Ammonia. Costa then hinted at an investment in EO production in Texas as Eastman is long ethylene at its Longview, TX, site, where it has 1.4bn lb (635,000 tonnes/year) of capacity. According to Costa, Eastman has “ deep knowledge on how to build and run EO facilities, so there are options we would consider – building a plant or participating in an expansion,” Eastman and Taminco are both consumers of EO – Eastman for polyester specialty polymers and coatings and Taminco for amines. Eastman completed an EO capacity expansion at its Longview site in the second quarter of 2013. Eastman’s EO capacity at Longview is 105,000 tonnes/year, according to ICIS.
In continuing downbeat news from formerly high-flying Brazil, Oxiteno reported that Q2 domestic specialty chemicals sales fell by 3% year on year because the company’s customers had begun destocking, in response to the slowdown in the nation’s economy.
In intriguing news from Slovakia, Energochemica is to invest more than €100m in constructing a bio-refinery in eastern Slovakia for the production of ethanol, ethylene and ethylene oxide. The plant is to be located in an industrial park in Strazske, near the border with Ukraine, added Energochemica, a company established in the Czech Republic in 2011 and listed on the Prague Stock Exchange in 2012. Let’s see how this product finds a niche in light of stiff cost competition in this value chain from US Ethane.
And finally, kudos to my alma mater, Pilot Chemical who earlier in the month, hosted USA Luge 2014 bronze medalist Erin Hamlin at its headquarters in Cincinnati. (from 9/12/14 Cincinnati.com) Hamlin was the first U.S. Olympic medalist in singles luge and the first female in U.S. luge history to stand on the Olympic podium. Pilot is a luge team sponsor. “Being a USA Luge sponsor has helped Pilot Chemical foster community engagement and given our employees the opportunity to support a fellow ice-cold winner to express our national pride,” said Pam Butcher, Pilot’s COO. Anyone who knows Pilot Chemical’s technology will appreciate the reference by Pam. The article is worth checking out. I like it a lot. (Link Here)
I will see many of you next week in Montreux and after that, of course, at the ICIS Asian Surfactants Conference in Singapore, November 13 – 14th which I co-produce and chair.
Surfactants Monthly Review – August 2014
Thanks again to ICIS who provided most of the newsfeed for this review. As usual, some links below require an ICIS subscription; some of the information and opinion here was provided by my attending and chairing the 3rd ICIS European Surfactant Conference which finished today (Friday September 5th) in Berlin. An outstanding event which I am happy to co-produce with the ICIS conference team. A special mention and thanks to all the attendees at the Surfactant Business Essentials Training Course which I taught in Berlin on Sept 2nd. Some of their comments and questions provided some of the food for thought also for this review.
Straight in with more activity in EO as Russia’s SIBUR-Neftekhim has completed work to increase ethylene oxide (EO) capacity at its Ethylene Oxide and Glycol Plant in Dzerzhinsk to 300,000 tonnes/year from 264,000 tonnes/year. Based in Nizhny Novgorod region, central Russia, SIBUR-Neftekhim is controlled by the country’s major petrochemical holding SIBUR.
Meanwhile China EO producers saw a much needed price increase by yuan (CNY) 200/tonne to CNY10,800/tonne, the first increase since January. Pressured by rising feedstock prices, EO prices were pushed to nudge higher despite a long supply and weak demand. Prices of ethylene rose by $10/tonne during the week ended 1 August to $1,560-1,570/tonne CFR NE (northeast) Asia, compared with $1,500-1,520/tonne CFR NE Asia four weeks ago, ICIS data showed.
Despite generally stronger EO, fatty alcohol ethoxylates (FAE) prices dropped to their lowest levels since the first week of December 2013 on Wednesday in China. Spot prices of FAE-7 and FAE-9 were at $1,620-1,640/tonne CIF China, the lowest since the week ending 4 December 2013, when prices were assessed at $1,600-1,700/tonne CIF China. The spot prices during this week ended 20 August also marked a $20/tonne decline from the week before, according to ICIS. The driver of such decreases is of course in part the fatty alcohol market, but also a generally long capacity situation in the EO value chain in the region as a couple of announcements demonstrates:
First, Indonesia’s PT Polychem announced that it ramped up the run rates at its fatty alcohol ethoxylates (FAE) unit at Merak, Indonesia to 65-70%. Apparently, the unit was running at 60-65% in end-May. Both levels of course are very unsatisfactory when trying to make a reasonable return on a plant investment. PT Polychem’s surfactant plant produces 60,000 tonnes of surfactants, including FAE, every month.
Second, In Taiwan, the Oriental Union Chemical Corp (OUCC) is operating its fatty alcohol ethoxylates (FAE) unit in Nanjing, China, at 60% capacity, according to a company source. OUCC can produce 60,000 tonnes of surfactants per year, including alcohol ethoxylates.
Is Europe becoming a fatty alcohol dumping ground? In Europe, fatty alcohol prices continued their downward trend with softening feedstock prices. One buyer commented it had secured some spot mid-cut alcohols for €1,250/tonne FD NWE from an Asian supplier. With Chinese demand for fatty alcohols remaining weak, participants expect further pressure to be placed onto European prices with greater volumes anticipated to be made available to Europe from Asia in the coming weeks.
Meanwhile in Asia, Southeast Asia prices for mid-cut fatty alcohols were assessed lower at $1,430-1,480/tonne FOB SE Asia mid-month, a drop of $70-100/tonne from a week prior. Palm kernel oil (PKO) prices dipped more than $60/tonne overnight, at $931/tonne DEL (delivered) south Malaysia, on 12 August weighed down by higher vegetable oil stockpiles in Malaysia and the US according to the official data by regulator of the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Not coincidentally, the struggle over fatty alcohol pricing in India continues as, according the the Hindu Business Line newspaper, the Indian Finance Ministry has imposed provisional safeguard duty of twenty per cent on certain saturated fatty alcohols. Mumbai-based VVF(India) Ltd had filed the petition seeking safeguard duty on certain saturated fatty alcohol imports. The Finance Ministry has also specified that the provisional safeguard duty–valid for 200 days– will not apply for imports from developing countries other than Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia. Godrej Industries, another domestic producer of saturated fatty alcohols, had supported the petition.
Surprising news from Brazil where Oxiteno reported Q2 income lower by 13% on lower sales. Q2 operating income came in at reais (R) 180.5m ($79.2m), down 5.8% from R191.6m from the same time last year. The reason, according to the company was that, sales fell while costs rose. Second-quarter net sales were R813.4m, down nearly 1% from R821.5m. The drop was due in part to a 7% (10,000 tonne) decline in sales volumes in Brazil. In addition, however, international sales volumes fell by 10% or 6,000 tonnes. The domestic slowdown was expected as The Brazilian economy grew by just 0.2% during the first quarter, according to the most recent information available by IBGE, the state statistical agency. Since the first quarter, the outlook for the Brazilian economy has steadily deteriorated. Economists now expect Brazil’s GDP to grow by 0.86% in 2014, according to the most recent survey conducted by the nation’s central bank.
We occasionally like to look back at the Palm plantation, source of key feedstocks for our industry, especially palm kernel oil. One of the largest plantataion companies, Malaysia’s Sime Darby is exected to grow revenues by 15% with the acquisition of NBPOL (New Britain Palm Oil Ltd) in Papua New Guinea according to an article in Moody’s. Sime Darby said on 31 July that it was the preferred buyer of Kulim (Malaysia) for its 48.97% stake in NBPOL, which has 79,884 hectares of oil palm plantation as of end-2013. The deal will also boost the Malaysian crude palm oil producer’s European sales channel, Moody’s said, citing NBPOL’s production and Liverpool-based refinery are fully certified on an RSPO (Roundtable of Sustainable Palm Oil) basis.
RSPO palm oil continued to make news as the RSPO spoke at the ICIS European Surfactant Conference in Berlin and Clariant announced that it has achieved sustainable certification of its palm oil-based products plant in Gendorf, Germany. Gendorf is the first of Clariant’s plants that has achieved Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) Mass Balance supply chain certification, the company said in a statement.
From Louisiana, USA in Shale gas related news: Sasol’s multi-billion dollar expansion project at its Westlake facility cleared its final regulatory hurdle at the end of August. The Army Corps of Engineers announced it approved the final two permits to allow Sasol to build a state-of-the-art gas to liquids and ethane cracker facility. Construction is expected to start soon, but no firm date has been announced. The facility will produce a number of products, including diesel fuel and other chemical products, a number of which are expected to impact the surfactant supply chain. The project is expected to create 1,200 permanent jobs.
Finally some very significant news from Europe that is indicative of a trend discussed in much detail at the ICIS Surfactant Conference in Berlin. KLK announced mid-month that it wil acquire Tensachem from Graham Royle and the other shareholders for a total consideration of €16.2 Million. Tensachem is a Liege, Belgium based sulfonator. According to the Malaysia Edge newspaper, the deal is expected to be completed within two months. The proposed acquisition will further expand KLK’s oleochemical and surfactant business in Europe, where the group currently owns: (i) the KLK Emmerich plant in Germany, which produces a range of fatty acids, hydrogenated fatty acids and glycerine; (ii) Kolb in Switzerland, which produces non-ionic surfactants; and (iii) Standard Soap in the United Kingdom, which manufactures soap and toiletry products. KLK owns a total of 11 oleochemical plants, including in Malaysia and China, with a combined capacity of approximately 1.8 million tonnes per annum.
Some readers may remember this Liege plant as once part of Hickson Manro Ltd., later Manro which was split upon its acquisition by Stepan. However, originally, I believe it was a P&G plant. Someone can correct me if I’m wrong. I recall it being a particularly well built facility, last time I was there.
As you might expect, many of the above issues and news items were discussed in depth at our ICIS European Surfactants Conference in Berlin this week (Sept 4th and 5th). As regular readers know, a full report on the conference will not be forthcoming because, as I like to say, “you gotta be there”. I will say that the quality and quantity of material covered by the speakers was outstanding. Also the support of sponsors BASF and Unger was appreciated greatly as always. Among the companies represented were Arkema, BASF, Bayer, Buss, Ballestra, Cepsa, Chevron, KLK, Ecover, Henkel, Huntsman, Innospec, Nikko, Norchem, Sadara, Solvay, Stepan and Zschimmer & Schwarz.
A healthy discussion and debate continued throughout the conference about feedstocks and renewability as Fatty Alcohol was compared to LAB to Algae to MES to New surfactant types. The role of biotech and genetic engineering in particular was hotly debated by Ecover, CEFIC and others. We also heard from an emerging new player, Sadara, supplying EO to ethoxylators in Saudi Arabia.
That’s it for August: Looking forward to seeing many of you at our next surfactant conference in November in Singapore. If I have missed anything, or if you don’t agree with something I have written, please do get in touch.
Surfactans Monthy Review – July 2014
Our usual tip of the hat to ICIS who provided most of the newsfeed for this review. As usual, some links below require an ICIS subscription; something I do recommend but on which I receive no commission – if you care about such things.
Something else which I recommend and in which I do have a financial interest, is our next surfactant conference, which this time we are running in partnership with CEFIC affiliate, Bio-TIC in September ( in Berlin, September 3 – 5th); a 3- day event featuring our regular conference preceded by a bio-surfactant workshop, free of charge to conference attendees. Both these in turn preceded by our Surfactant Business Essentials Training Course on Sept 2nd. So if you like reading these blog updates, you can come out to Berlin and steep yourself in the industry for 4 days if you feel up to it.
The big news of the month was of course that Stepan has finally taken the plunge and sought out a site in the US Gulf Coast area. The company announced discussions about a site to make “surfactants intermediates” in Ascension Parish, Louisiana. Of course the other famous occupant of this Parish in Louisiana is Shell’s Geismar site where, among other things, ethylene oxide (EO) and various Neodol alcohols are made. Stepan is a large user of both. Stepan has been, for a while, one of the largest ethoxylators not located next door to an EO source in North America. This move, would no doubt remedy that situation. Such a move, of course, is tough to make as the payback is not necessarily as good as some other investments. However, this is something the company had to do, especially after Solvay made their ethoxylation move next to Lyondell as we reported last year. In my view, and knowing the conservative nature of the Stepan management, this investment is timed about right, certainly not too late, and will not only support growth in areas like oilfield chemicals, but also start to mitigate some of the risks associated with being a “remote” consumer of EO – which is made in TX or LA and transported to sites throughout North America.
EO news continues with China adding 1.3m tonnes of EO capacity by the end of the first quarter next year, taking the country’s total EO capacity to 3.5m tonnes. The new capacity, stemming from plant expansions and newly built ones, will be largely from the southern and eastern coastal areas. Even so, at present in China, according to ICIS “There is a supply deluge and demand is weak,” for EO. Somewhat typical of many commodity products in China today.
By the way, in an excellent analysis of the ethylene value chain in the ICIS magazine, Will Beacham listed a number EO capacity expansions due to come on-stream globally in the next few years. You’ll notice the preponderance of Chinese capacity in his table below:
|Dynamic Int’l||China||100||Q2 2014|
Q3 Fatty Alcohol prices in the USA settled in July with Mid-cut C12-15 alcohols, which includes natural and synthetic, assessed at a third-quarter contract range of 92-110 cents/lb, losing 4 cents/lb off the low end and gaining 1 cent/lb on the top of the range from the 96-109 cents/lb second quarter assessment. Buyers and sellers also said that synthetic alcohol prices are up in the third quarter, adding strength to the high end of the overall mid-cut range. In Asia, Spot C12-14 fatty alcohols prices fell at the lower-end by $20/tonne, to $1,580-1,630/tonne FOB (freight on board) SE (southeast) Asia in the week ended 9 July.
According to some southeast Asian end-users, offers from producers dropped by around $60-70/tonne from a few weeks ago to $1,600-1,650/tonne FOB SE Asia, amid softer feedstock trends and buying resistance from buyers. Feedstock palm kernel oil (PKO) prices were softer over the past two weeks, fuelling the bearish sentiment for mid-cut, C12-14 fatty alcohols.
US ethylene oxide (EO) contract prices for June were assessed 0.6 cents/lb ($13/tonne) higher from May on the back of a firmer June ethylene contract price, as assessed by ICIS on Thursday. June EO contract prices moved up to 67.20-76.70 cents/lb free on board (FOB) from 66.60-76.10 cents/lb FOB in May. The June contract price for US ethylene was fully settled at 47.75 cents/lb delivered (DEL), up 0.75 cents/lb from 47.00 cents/lb DEL in May, ethylene sources confirmed on Thursday.
In news with a knock-on eventual effect on surfactants, Sasol continues to focus big money and attention on GTL with the announcement of a study for a GTL project in Mozambique .
In India, duty news continues to develop and no doubt our more involved readers affected by these measures will comment. I can only report that India is reducing basic customs duty on a range of feedstock for soap and oleochemical products that would likely increase the import volumes of the raw materials and reduce the cost of local production of finished products. Under the federal budget announced by India’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) led government basic customs duty (BCD) on fatty acids, crude palm stearin, RBD and other palm stearin, specified industrial grade crude oils has been reduced to zero from 7.5%. Customs duty on crude glycerine has been cut to 7.5% from existing 12.5% and BCD on crude glycerine which is used in the manufacture of soaps has been brought down to zero from 12.5%, Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley said in a statement on the India budget
Our good friends Elevance finally made public their intention to invest with Genting in a biorefinery in Sabah, Malaysia. The agreement proposes the sale of Genting Plantations‘ 25% stake in Genting Integrated Biorefinery to Elevance Revewable Sciences Singapore, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Elevance Renewable Sciences, for Malaysian ringgit (M$) 72m ($22.6m). Genting Integrated Biorefinery currently operates a 200,000 tonne/year biodiesel plant at Lahad Datu in Sabah.
The existing biodiesel plant will be transformed using Elevance’s proprietary metathesis technology, to produce 240,000 tonnes/year of renewable, high-performance olefins and specialty chemicals that can be used in multiple end-product applications, including lubricants, surfactants and detergents. The transformed metathesis biorefinery is expected to commence operation and production of these high-value palm oil derivatives by year 2017, according to Genting Plantations. As part of the collaboration agreement, Genting Integrated Biorefinery has agreed to pay Elevance license and design fees, and Elevance will provide the technology, and technical and consulting services. Elevance will also be exclusively responsible for the sale of all specialty chemicals that are produced at the biorefinery.
In other big Stepan news, the company has agreed to buy Procter & Gamble’s sulphonation plant in Bahia state in Brazil. The plant has a capacity of 30,000 tonnes/year, and the deal should close in the third or fourth quarter, pending regulatory approval. Stepan’s move will come as no surprise to attendees at our World Surfactant Conference in May in NYC, where Quinn Stepan identified Latin America as a core growth area for the company. And one, in my view, that lacks the competition inherent in the other markets like Asia and Europe, where Stepan manufactures. The company also owns a plant in Vespasiano, Minas Gerais.
Toward the end of the month, Stepan also announced that second-quarter net income jumped 7% year on year to $24.35m on the back of polyols volume growth and acquisitions, despite weaker profits for its surfactants and specialties businesses. Net sales for the quarter increased by 6% year on year to $504.1m as a result of higher prices for its surfactants division and polymers volume growth, the company added. Volumes were down year on year for surfactants and specialty products. Polymers division gross profit jumped 26% year on year to $25.2m, as an 18% annual jump in polyols volumes on the back of home insulation demand in Europe and North America contributed $2.6m additional profit compared to the second quarter of 2013. Earnings from the polyester resins business it acquired from Bayer for $64m in mid-2013 also contributed $1.7m to the profit figure. Surfactants division gross profit dropped 15% year on year during the quarter to $40.8m, primarily on the back of a decline in North American volumes, and higher maintenance and depreciation expenses. Agricultural sales in the region were depressed due to the carryover impact from the harsh North American winter, which also weighed on Stepan’s first-quarter results.
In the sort of news that one would not expect from (say) Shell in Geismar, China’s Dynamic (Nanjing) Chemical Industry has postponed the start-up of its new 100,000 tonne/year ethylene oxide (EO) unit in Nanjing to late September from August,. Dynamic is postponing the start-up of its new EO unit in accordance with a government’s directive that petrochemical plants must halt or reduce operations in the lead up to the Youth Olympic Games that will take place in Nanjing on 16-28 August, the source said. The company’s current EO unit has a capacity of 60,000 tonnes/year.
In a further sign of the China slow-down / supply glut, Teck Guan has moved forward its scheduled catalyst change at its 100K tonne /yr fatty alcohol plant from end-July to mid-July because of lacklustre performance in the downstream surfactant sector. The shutdown is expected to counter-balance the current slower uptakes in mid-cut C12-14 fatty alcohol in the Chinese domestic market, according to some local producers. Over the past few months, high domestic inventories and costly feedstock palm kernel oil (PKO) have resulted in weak demand in the Chinese fatty alcohol market, according to ICIS.
Finally, our other favorite new technology company, Solazyme, announced a deal with AkzoNobel which includes joint product development and principal terms of a multi-year supply agreement for algal oil. The parties expect that the algal oil under the joint development agreement would be able to replace both petroleum and palm oil-derived chemicals. The agreement is for a supply of up to 10,000 tonnes/year of algal oil for surfactant production. Product development is expected to begin immediately. Both companies are anticipating entering into a definitive supply deal as they near the completion of the product-development process.
That’s it for July: Looking forward to seeing many of you at our next surfactant conference in September in Berlin.
Surfactants Monthy Review – June 2014
Welcome again to our monthly surfactant news update. As usual, most items are sourced courtesy of my friends at ICIS and some of the links may require a subscription. Nonetheless, the responsibility for any errors or omissions is entirely mine. Also the opinions expressed are entirely my own. I hope you enjoy reading. For the latest information, analysis and unequalled networking around the surfactant value chain, please attend our 3-day surfactant event in Berlin, September 3 – 5th. We have partnered with the BIO-TIC group of CEFIC who are running a biosurfactants conference alongside our 3rd European Surfactants Conference. I hope to see many of you there.
The month got underway with the welcome announcement that Lonza appointed our old friend, Sven Abend as a member of its executive committee, effective from 1 July this year. Sven, currently the CEO of Swiss nonionic surfactants and process chemicals maker Kolb, will have primary responsibility for corporate strategy, business development as well as consumer care and industrial solutions. Much success to Sven in this new position.
The round of Summer surfactant maintenance shutdowns continued with Taiwan’s Oriental Union Chemical Corp (OUCC) shutting its fatty alcohol ethoxylates (FAE) unit at Nanjing in China for planned maintenance around June 1. The turnaround was expected to last for about three weeks. The FAE unit produces 60,000 tonnes of surfactants, including alcohol ethoxylates, every month.
Elsehwere in the EO value chain, the European June ethylene oxide (EO) contract price moved up by around €8/tonne from May, following an increase in the value of upstream ethylene. EO prices are now at €1,303-1,470/tonne FD (free delivered) NWE (northwest Europe), and €1,358-1,515/tonne FD Mediterranean, according to ICIS calculations.
Meanwhile Force majeure (FM) remaind in place on EO out of the Shell. Both the 305,000 tonne/year EO and 160,000 tonne/year ethylene glycol (EG) units are down now as planned for maintenance until the second half of June. Toward the end of the month Shell reported that it is in the process of restarting its ethylene oxide (EO) and ethylene glycol (EG) site in Moerdijk, The Netherlands, after planned maintenance, but EO remains on force majeure (FM)
In other Shell surfactant related news, Shell Chemicals continues project planning regarding building a new linear alpha olefins (LAO) and a new crude ethylene oxide (EO) unit in Geismar, Lousiana. The 350,000 tonnes/year LAO plant would be Shell’s fourth alpha olefins unit in Geismar. Current LAO capacity is 920,000 tonnes/year at the Geismar facility, according to ICIS Plants and Projects database.
Shells’s current EO facility has a capacity of 420,000 tonnes/year, according to ICIS Plants & Projects. Neither the front-end engineering and design (FEED) nor a final investment decision on either project has been made. Shell also may investigate debottlenecking its US crackers in the near future to further take advantage of the country’s low-cost natural gas liquid (NGL) feedstocks. Shell has two crackers in Norco, Louisiana with a combined capacity of 1.6m tonnes/year and two crackers in Deer Park, Texas with a combined capacity of 835,000 tonnes/year.
Back in Asia, the glut of EO and ethoxylates continued to have an effect on the market as Indonesia’s PT Polychem reduced the run rates at its fatty alcohol ethoxylates (FAE) unit at Merak, Indonesia to 60-65%. The reduction took place in end-May because of weak economics. PT Polychem’s surfactant plant produces 60,000 tonnes of surfactants, including FAE, every month. Prices of FAE-7 and FAE-9 grades have dropped by $50/tonne to $1,630-1,750/tonne CIF China over the past two weeks to 4 June, according to ICIS data.
Asian trade data reported in ICIS backed up the capacity surplus. ICIS reported that Fatty alcohol ethoxylates’ May trading volumes in Asia declined by 30% from April on weak demand for downstream cleaning products. Demand for downstream cleaning products such as shampoo, shower foam and detergents, has been subdued in the key China market in the first half of 2014 amid an economic slowdown. China’s purchasing managers index (PMI) for May registered a five-month high reading of 50.8, up from 50.4 in April, but still barely higher than the 50 threshold, which indicates expansion. The FAE market outlook remains bearish, despite the stronger reading.
The Asian EO slowdown was reflected in a report from Eurostat that EU ethylene oxide (EO) exports to the rest of the world decreased 22% year on year in April, while imports were up 4%.
The big surfactant news of the month related to severe storms that incapacitated the railway system around Germany. “It is not possible to move any railtank cars (RTCs) by rail these days… all our customers affected. We can’t ship any material out,” said one EO producer affected by the damage caused. A lot of customers have been impacted and are facing shutdowns, another source said. The problems are not exclusive to EO, as companies including Sasol, Henkel, INEOS, Tanatex, Oxea and Evonik have reportedly been affected in the area. However, EO was already tight due to a force majeure at Shell’s site in the Netherlands and a series of maintenance shutdowns.
Over the LAS, India’s Fogla Group is reportedly on track to start up its new 40,000 tonne/year 96% purity linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) plant in Kolkata by the end of this June. Output from the new unit will be available for export from early July. Fogla Group currently has 125,000 tonnes/year of LAS capacity through its units in Kolkata and Mumbai.
Also in India, New India Detergents is on track to begin operations at its new 36,000 tonne/year linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) plant in Kandla, Gujarat, by the end of June. The company is expecting to export 90% purity LAS to southeast Asia from early July. The firm has three other plants in India; each plant has 36,000 tonnes/year LAS capacity.
It was good to read that our friends, PCC Rokita raised €24m in an IPO
Most of the proceeds will be invested in polyols production. Apart from polyols and PU systems, PCC Rokita produces chlorobenzene, chlor-alkali, surfactants, phosphorous derivatives and napthalene derivatives.
On the 25th June, Wilmar Europe announced that it has completed the acquisition of Huntsman’s European commodity surfactants business for an undisclosed sum. The sale, first announced in April, includes an ethoxylation facility in Lavera, France, and also a multi-year arrangement for Wilmar to buy sulphated surfactant products from Huntsman’s facilities in St. Mihiel, France and Castiglione delle Stiviere, Italy.
In October last year, Huntsman announced plans to boost its yearly earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) by $20m by exiting a number of commodity surfactant product lines in Europe and to focus on developing its remaining differentiated surfactants businesses. It is also planning to cease production at its commodity surfactants facility in Patrica, Italy, by October this year.
As you can see there is a lot going on in even this short monthly update. To meet old friends and new to discuss these trends and more, I encourage you to joint me at our 3rd European Surfactants Conference in Berlin, September 3 – 5th. We have partnered also with CEFIC around their Bio-Surfactant event, free to attendees of our conference. I hope to see you there.
Review of 4th ICIS World Surfactant Conference
Nw York November May 15th and 16th , 2014
I was again honored to co-produce and chair the ninth surfactant conference in our series with ICIS. This time – the fourth World conference, held in New York at the Jersey City Hyatt hotel. The venue was packed with over 200 participants in the surfactant value chain. You will get a sense of the agenda here.
Friends and colleagues from across the globe spent one and a half days engrossed as we heard from some of the leading companies in the world share their knowledge and experience in what has become a unique forum.
Here, I make a point or two regarding each of the speakers and hopefully give you a flavor of the type of event that we will produce coming up, September 4th and 5th 2013 in Berlin, at the Third ICIS European Surfactants Conference.
Also, you know my philosophy is “you gotta be there” to get the benefit from these conferences, so this is not intended to be a write up / substitute for being there. !
My opening remarks featured a review of the just how critically important surfactants are in our world economy. We looked at applications in food, farming, mining, oiffield and of course hygiene, health and cleaning. Our video to make this point was again a monty python clip (below). Can you spot the connection? (as I said, you have to be there..)
Day 1 kicked off with what I have to say was the best keynote address I have seen delivered at any event I’ve ever attended. Quinn Stepan, CEO of Stepan Co (NYSE: SCL) delivered a crisp analysis of the industry and Stepan’s commanding role in it. Stepan is all about surfactants and has a finger on the pulse of what is happening in every single sector. Quinn highlighted the potential large upsides in the oil and gas sector and also the challenges they have had to deal with in the laundry sector as formulation trends have impacted surfactant loading. The Q&A, for me, was even more enlightening than the talk. Our friendly and engaged audience, lived up to their reputation and asked some great questions, which Quinn fielded by drawing on a lifetime of experience and over 80 years of company history. Best trivia item: Quinn’s grandfather, Al, started the company in 1932 with a $500 loan from his mother – which he paid back. Throughout the whole rest of the conference, at least half of the speakers strayed from their presentation to react or add to something that Quinn had said. For me, this was the perfect keynote to start our largest and, it turns out, most highly rated conference ever.
Next up, Dr. Leslie Low from the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB), dazzled the audience with a layman’s guide to groundbreaking genomic research which is poised to alter the nature and productivity of the world’s (and surfactant industry’s) most important oil crop. This piece in the UK’s Grauniad newspaper summarizes what the impact of this work could be. Dr. Low went further into the impact on the surfactant value chain – which can clearly be enormous.
After the break, Doug Rightler of EO&D Consulting delivered his eagerly anticipated annual review of the EO (ethylene oxide) markets. Compressing a Master’s level course into 45 minutes, Doug’s overall point this year seemed to be that “it’s all about the MEG” and if you use purified EO for surfactants, right now, you are not as interesting to the EO producer as a million MT bulk MEG customer.
Doug’s a tough act to follow, but Yuree Whang of UOP, more than met that challenge with an objective and interesting take on the global LAB market. Interestingly, 80% of the world’s LAB production capacity uses UOP technology, so she knows the subject matter and arguably has a unique perspective.
Shale gas is the topic of the moment, so we wanted to address it in a way that got close to the gas field but also linked directly to the multiple impacts on the surfactant value chain. Mike McKibben of the Marcellus Shale Coalition did just that. Interesting number: Between now and 2020, half a trillion dollars worth of capital expenditure is planned just on mid-stream infrastructure to handle shale gas output!
Looking far out to the end of the detergent supply chain, Philip Malpass of the UKCPI delivered a fascinating analysis of the impact of laundry detergent monodose (i.e. pods, tablets etc..) on consumer behavior in Europe and its effects on the entire supply chain. An interesting perspective from the supermarket aisle and through the lens of a TV camera.
Continuing the theme of looking at our industry’s through the eyes of the shopper, Croda’s Jennifer Donahue talked through some groundbreaking work done on quantifying the effects of various surfactant ingredients on the perceptions of leading skin care products, by the user.
Our sustainability paper this year was a detailed and thought provoking analysis of oleochemical alcohols vs petrochemical alcohols from and LCA perspective. The data and ensuing debate brought to mind the old Henkel / Vista debates of the early 90’s around LAB and oleochemical alcohols. Julie O’Brien of Air Products did a masterful job weaving a story from a rich data pool. The discussion arising from this paper was one of the best I have seen at any of our conferences.
Surfactants and Enzymes; friends or foes? An interesting title for a insightful talk by Danielle Rhine-Showmaker of Novozymes. This talk was the third in a trio of presentations give by Novozymes in our series; first in Europe last year then Singapore and now New York. Attendees now know and appreciate the symbiotic relationship between these two key ingredients.
A long-time supporter of our conferences, Richard Smith, CEO of Surfachem, the European chemicals distributor, gave us a thoughtful analysis of the role of distribution in surfactants. He illustrated how distributors can also be innovators in serving the middle market of small to mid-sized customers. Something to think about for both manufacturers and users of surfactants.
Wrapping up Day 1, Hernan Cavarra of Frost & Sullivan gave a tour de force presentation chock full of data, information, insights and opinion relating to the Latin American surfactant market. I always like to say about our conferences, that you “just can’t get this anywhere else” and Hernan again proved this true. “Argentinian Shale Oil?” You learned about it at our conference first.
As is customary at our conferences, we played some thematic music as people walked in and got breakfast on the second day. Our Surfactants Playlist
for the conference has an easy to spot theme, with some Rush music interspersed for good measure. I trust you can see the connection of most of the songs with our overall theme for the conference (click on the link above)
Day 2 saw a packed room again as the air-conditioning labored to keep up with the volume of people. First up Dr. Charles Hammond of Flotek, Inc. addressed the question “Surfactant EOR – When?”. This is a question that pretty much everyone in our industry has asked at some time in their careers. Charles gave us a useful framework for developing an answer. What is it? You gotta be there.
Staying in the Oil & Gas field. Scott Gale of Solvay, a relative surfactant newcomer but a veteran of the oil-patch, delivered a data-rich analysis of where the opportunities are for a committed player in this field. “Committed” is not just showing up with a product list, however. The supply chain and who captures the margin and wields the economic power in this sector, need careful study and lots of investment.
Moving above ground again, Susan Ferenc, President of the Council of Producers and Distributors of Agrotechnology, gave us a remarkably in-depth look at the role of surfactants as adjuvants in agricultural formulations. A high-touch, specialized and high stakes business.
Staying with the food supply chain, Paul Peeble of our sponsor Lambent then outlined his thoughts on “Surfactants and Food – A Supplier’s Perspective”. This talk gave further solid perspective to the question “what have surfactants done for us?” A lot, in the area of food. Another high touch and highly regulated industry, with potential for reward to companies who know what they are doing.
No conference would be complete without a look at innovation in the field of sustainabllity. Long-time conference supporter, Zschimmer & Schwarz covered the field and introduced two fascinating multi-functional innovations which we are sure to learn more about in the coming months: Monoethanolamine Lauryl Sulfate and Zinc Coceth Sulfate.
Rounding out the conference, Elevance continues to impress with a solid review of the revolution taking place in chemicals and surfactants and their role in it. Nove, specialty and large scale in one packet. Plants in Indonesia and the US and a partnership with our kick-off speaker, Stepan. Great stuff on which to end a tremendous 30 hours spent together.
Our next event is in Berlin on September 4th and 5th. It will sell out, so I hope you will book now if you want to attend. For this conference we have put together a partnership with CEFIC affiliate Bio-TIC to bring you a three day event (for the price of two). A pre-conference on bio-surfactants followed by our Third ICIS European Surfactants Conference. Until then, keep revisiting this blog for our monthly market updates.
Surfactant Monthy Review – April 2014
The month of April saw quite a bit of activity in ethylene oxide, ethoxylation and fatty alcohols. Also, of course, the Wilmar acquisition of major parts of the Huntsman European surfactant business contributed to the continuing restructuring of the industry.
In just a couple of weeks from now, I will be chairing the 4th ICIS World Surfactant Conference. This will be our biggest yet, with registrations running 30% ahead of last year. As usual, we will take a detailed look into the entire surfactant value chain with a group of outstanding speakers, all packed into a day and a half, May 15 – 16th. Quinn Stepan, CEO of Stepan Company is our keynote speaker this year. In addition we have our review of the EO business given by Doug RIghtler of PCI. We’ll go in depth into the agrochemicals market for surfactants with Susan Ferenc, president of the CPDA. Food and Oil & Gas will also be explored by Lambent, Solvay and Flotek. With ~200 of colleagues and friends attending as well as some companies you will not have met before, I really do encourage you to register before the last few places sell out. http://www.icis.com/worldsurfactants
Until then, here are the surfactant news highlights for April. Thanks again to my friends at ICIS News, who provided most of this material. The links are mostly to ICIS resources and subscriptions may be needed for some.
In EO (ethylene oxide) news: Spanish group Cristian Lay planned to acquire two plants formerly owned by bankrupt polyethylene terephthalate (PET) producer La Seda de Barcelona (LSB), the company said. LSB entered liquidation process on 3 January and since then its assets have been up for sale. Under Spanish insolvency laws, the corresponding Court managing the bankruptcy process is entitled to mandate who among different bidders is entitled to keep the assets, taking into account social and economic impacts of the decision. Cristian Lay had its eyes on 1 April as the date for the Court to confirm it can go ahead with its €15m acquisition of the two plants, but the decision has been delayed according to a spokesperson from the company.
The two plants are a 170,000 tonne/year polyethylene terephthalate (PET) unit in El Prat de Llobregat, Barcelona, and a 135,000 tonne/year ethylene oxide (EO) and 100,000 tonne/year ethylene glycol (EG) plant belonging to LSB subsidiary Industrias Químicas Asociadas (IQA) in Tarragona, Spain.
In further EO news, European contract prices for April fell €12/tonne from March, in line with weaker upstream ethylene market. ICIS calculated the April EO prices to be €1,299-1,466/tonne FD (free delivered) NWE (northwest Europe), and €1,354-1,511/tonne FD Mediterranean. Ethylene dropped by €15/tonne to €1,165/tonne FD NWE. Demand for EO is improving, particularly as warmer weather spurs the construction industry into action.
Availability is curtailed due to the shutdown season, which is impacting on customers’ quest for product.
INEOS Oxide‘s 290,000 tonne/year EO plant in Cologne, Germany, was shut until the second week of April. Its site in Antwerp, Belgium that can produce 420,000 tonnes/year of EO and 290,000 tonnes/year of ethylene glycol (EG) plant went down from end-April until mid-June for a catalyst change and mandatory maintenance. BASF’s 500,000 tonne/year EO unit and 350,000 tonne/year EG plant in Antwerp, Belgium will be down for three weeks of catalyst change and maintenance in May. Shell will have a longer outage around the same time at its 305,000 tonne/year EO and EG plant in Moerdijk, the Netherlands. In September and October, BASF will have a similar shutdown at its 345,000 tonne/year EO unit and 25,000 tonne/year EG unit in Ludwigshafen, Germany. Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen SA (PKN) in Plock, Poland, will have a shutdown from 9-30 September at its 115,000 tonne/year EO and 84,000 tonne/year EG plants in Plock, Poland. Clariant’s site in Gendorf, Germany, is scheduled to have a minor outage on a reactor in May that will not affect market conditions. A longer shutdown is expected to take place in September, however.
A small blip in the EO market in the US: Indorama Ventures’s ethylene oxide (EO)/ethylene glycol (EG) unit at its Clear Lake, Texas plant was shut down on April 6 because of mechanical issues, according to a filing with the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) on Tuesday. The unit went down for 4.5 hours as another site partner where Indorama sends its carbon dioxide (CO2) tripped, forcing the shutdown. The Clear Lake plant has a capacity of 960m lb/year (435,000 tonnes/year) of crude EO and 790m lb/year (358,000 tonnes/year) of monoethylene glycol (MEG).
Shell’s construction of ethoxylation facilities at Jurong Island, Singapore are set to be completed in the first quarter of 2015, according to the company, earlier in the month. Shell launched the official groundbreaking in April 2013 for two ethoxylation units with a combined capacity of 140,000 tonnes/year. These will add to Shell’s existing capacities for alcohol ethoxylates at 40,000 tonnes/year from its acquisition of its partner’s shares in Ethylene Glycols (Singapore) in 2010
The month started off with some concerns in the fatty acid market regarding a tight supply of bleachable fancy tallow (BFT) and surging spot prices. Buyers were looking for BFT with bids around 41.50-42.50 cents/lb ($915-937/MT), but lack of supply likely due to lower slaughter volumes could push tallow pricing higher in coming weeks. Cattle slaughter in February this year reached 2.24m head, down by 5% from February 2013, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) said in its most recent monthly livestock slaughter report by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). The average live weight was up 10 lb (4 kg) from the previous year, at 1,330 lb.
The steady increase in fatty alcohols capacity continued as Taiwan-based Ho Tung Chemical Group started commissioning one line at its new 80,000 tonne/year fatty alcohol plant in Jiangsu, China in early April. The line has a 40,000 tonne/year capacity. Mid-cut C12-14 fatty alcohols output from the plant will be for captive consumption of its downstream production of fatty alcohol ethoxylate and sodium alcohol ether sulphate. Ho Tung has yet to firm up the plant’s actual start-up schedule, partly on uncertainties in feedstock availability, the company source said. But some sources close to the company said the plant in China was initially expected to start up in April. The company is one of the biggest detergent surfactant makers in northeast Asia.
Feedstock issues also affected the fatty alcohols markets. US fatty alcohol Q2 contracts settled higher on cost and volatility in upstream feedstock palm kernel (PKO) and coconut oil (CNO. Mid-cut detergent range alcohol Q2 contracts were assessed at 96.00-109.00 cents/lb ($2,116-2,403/tonne), gaining 7 cents/lb on the low end of the range and 10 cents/lb on the upper end over Q1 prices for bulk delivered material.
PKO and CNO prices skyrocketed during the first quarter, driven up by weather damage to key coconut producing regions in Asia.
Just when you thought there was enough alcohol capacity, Philippines’ United Coconut Chemicals, Inc (Cocochem) will be restarting its idled plant in Batangas by end-2014 or early next year, sources close to the company said.
The plant, with nameplate capacity of 36,000 tonnes/year has been shut since August 2012 because of weak margins. The facility was leased for 10 years to Polish chemical firm PCC Rokita, with effect on 16 March 2014. The Polish company announced the deal on 27 February this year. The Philippine plant is one of the first few in Asia to produce fatty alcohols via the fatty acid route, using the German-based Lurgi-designed process, according to market participants. Around half of Cocochem’s fatty alcohols output is expected to be traded in Asia, while the other half will be shipped to Europe. Besides fatty alcohols, the facility can also produce 55,000 tonnes/year of fatty acid, 12,000 MT of glycerine and 7,200 tonnes/year of soap noodles. It is unclear if productions other than fatty alcohols will be restarted at Cocochem’s Batangas complex.
Excellent work by the ACI (American Cleaning Institute): Fatty alcohols are an environmentally safe component in surfactants, according to research by the American Cleaning Institute (ACI). The ACI conducted a 50-year body of research investigating potential harms to the environment that might come from the use of surfactants, therein engaging research on fatty alcohols, ethoxylated alcohols, linear alkyl sulphates (LAS) and other surfactant-related chemicals. The research continues to support that the fatty alcohols do not pose threat to the environment. “The body of research done by the industry shows that residues of fatty alcohols found in the environment are from naturally occurring processes and not from the fatty alcohol-based surfactant,” says Paul DeLeo, Associate Vice President, ACI. The ACI research can be found at http://www.aciscience.org/
More Asian LAS capacity on the way as India’s Fogla Group is planning to start its new 40,000 tonne/year 96% purity linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) plant in Kolkata at the end of April or in early May. The Fogla Group has already been producing 90% purity LAS, which it sells domestically but also in other part of Asia. However, it will open the new plant to export more material to SE (southeast) Asia. Sources have described the current market sentiment in Asia to be bearish. According to ICIS data LAS prices across Asia have fallen by $20-30/tonne during the week ending 2 April. India export prices were at $1500 -1510 /tonne FOB (free on board) India. Northeast Asia LAS prices were at $1,500 -1,520 /tonne FOB NE Asia. Whereas import prices in SE Asia softened by $30/tonne to $1,520 -1,540 /tonne CFR (cost and freight) SE Asia.
Sellers unanimously agreed that they had to lower their offers for April cargoes because of recent prices decrease in feedstock linear alkylbenze (LAB) and raw material costs. According to Fogla Group currently it collectively produces 125,000 tonne/year LAS, with units based in Kolkata and Mumbai. The producer is also involved in the manufacturing of other products, such as detergents and fertilizers.
In other Indian LAS news: India’s New India Detergents is expected to begin operations at its new 36,000 tonne/year linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) plant in Kandla, Gujarat, by early June this year. The company has not been able to start up the completed unit as it has not received approval from the authorities because of the general elections that are taking place from 7 April to 12 May. Output from the new unit in Kandla, which will produce 90% purity LAS, will mainly be exported to other overseas markets. The company has three other plants in India which have 36,000 tonnes/year of LAS capacity each.
An update on the Thai LAB project came during the month as Thai Oil and Japan’s Mitsui & Co indicated they are on track to begin commercial operations at their new 100,000 tonne/year linear alkyl benzene (LAB) facility at Sri Racha, Thailand, in the fourth quarter of next year. Thai Oil, via its wholly owned subsidiary Thai Paraxylene Co, and Mitsui & Co earlier last year formed a joint venture, Labix, to build the LAB facility. Labix is owned 75% by Thai Paraxylene Co and 25% by Mitsui. Output from the LAB facility, which is now under construction, is aimed at both domestic and overseas markets.
As expected, Wilmar, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Wilmar Europe, has agreed to acquire Huntsman’s European commodity surfactants business for an undisclosed sum. The completion of the transaction remains subject to customary closing conditions, including regulatory procedures in France, Huntsman said in a statement. Under the terms of agreement, Huntsman plans to sell to Wilmar its ethoxylation facility in Lavera, France. Wilmar will also enter into a multi-year arrangement to buy sulphated surfactant products from Huntsman’s facilities in St. Mihiel, France and Castiglione delle Stiviere, Italy. Separately, Huntsman said it is also planning to cease production at its commodity surfactants facility in Patrica, Italy, by October this year. Huntsman in October last year announced plans to boost its yearly earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) by $20m by exiting a number of commodity surfactant product lines in Europe and to focus on developing and growing the remaining differentiated surfactants businesses.
In related news, Wilmar’s fatty alcohols plant at Huntsman’s chemical site in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, has now started up and will have material available for May delivery. The plant was previously expected to be running by the beginning of the fourth quarter of 2013, but was hit by unforeseen delays in its completion. The 120,000 tonne/year plant is owned by Wilmar and is in Huntsman’s 85 hectare chemical site in Rozenburg, Rotterdam.
Of relevance to amphoteric surfactant producers and users: Private equity firm Permira is to buy Germany’s specialty chemicals firm CABB International from fellow private equity firm Bridgepoint. The transaction will be completed in June 2014. Financial details of the operation were not disclosed. CABB is a supplier of ingredients and intermediates for the agrochemical sector, and also of monochloroacetic acid (MCA), used in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, flavours, fragrances, vitamins and surfactants.
A rare announcement from Stepan : Their net income for the first quarter of the year fell by 32% year on year to $13m as severe weather in North America during the period weighed on earnings. The bitter weather that affected large areas of North America during the first three months of the year led to higher maintenance, energy and freight costs for Stepan, as well as lower demand for products from the company’s core surfactants business.
Net sales during the period increased 5% year on year to $477.4m, and operating income fell 20% to $22.5m. First-quarter gross profit fell 13% year on year to $63m. “We mentioned in our fourth-quarter earnings conference call on 19 February that we were experiencing a slow start to the year with severe weather impacting customer locations, transportation and logistics, and some of our own facilities in North America,” said company CEO Quinn Stepan. “Unfortunately, the weather did not improve until mid-March,” he added. Surfactants division sales fell by 1% year on year to $335.7m as a result of the harsh North American winter. Division volumes fell 6%, driven primarily by a 12% decline in North American surfactants volumes.
“Surfactants volumes were challenged in the first quarter which more than offset higher selling prices. March was much better than January and February and April should be another good month,” Polymers and specialty products division sales helped to offset surfactants division weakness, growing 24% and 10% year on year to $119.1m and $22.6m respectively. Despite describing the first-quarter results as “disappointing”, the CEO predicted earnings to improve year on year for the remaining nine months of the year. “Recent investments in Brazil, Singapore and Europe Polymers, along with our 2013 polyester resin acquisition in Columbus [Georgia], all delivered growth,” he said. “Our balance sheet remains solid, and we continue our pursuit of further investments and opportunities to improve efficiency, accelerate our earnings growth, and deliver greater returns to our shareholders,” he added.
Meet Quinn Stepan in person at the 4th World ICIS Surfactant Conference May 15 – 16th in New York. www.icis.com/worldsurfactants
Surfactants Review – January & February 2014
Our first review of the surfactants markets in 2014 will cover January and February. Thereafter, we will try to get these out on a Monthly basis for easier and more timely reading. As usual, many of the news items come courtesy of my friends at ICIS. Many of the links are to ICIS articles and some need a subscription. As regular readers know, the best way to stay current in the surfactants markets is to attend one of our conferences produced in partnership with ICIS. We will have three in 2014. The next one comes up on New York, The 4th ICIS World Surfactant Conference on May 15 – 16th in NYC, features Quinn Stepan Jr. as our keynote speaker. I look forward to seeing many readers there.
The year kicked off with more ethoylation capacity expansion news. Clariant announced on 10 January it has started the expansion of its ethoxylation plant in Daya Bay, Huizhou, China in early 2014. As the first ethoxylation production site under Clariant Business Unit Industrial and Consumer Specialty (BUICS) in Asia, the Daya Bay plant was put into operation in 2011 with the initial capacity of 50,000 MT/year. After completion of the expansion, the total capacity of the plant will reach 100,000 MT/year.
The year in fatty alcohols started off with a bit of stalemate between buyers and sellers. In Europe, prices hovered around €1,450-1,500/tonne FD (free delivered) NWE (northwest Europe).
Elsewhere upstream from surfactants, the oleochemicals industry is optimistic in the medium to longer term, despite several new capacities and expansion, said industry participants during the 2nd Asian Oleochemicals conference in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In the next three years, oleochemicals production capacities are expected to grow by 30%, according to Tan Kean Hua, executive director of IOI Oleochemicals. The expansion in Indonesia, mostly driven by the government’s lower export tax in refined palm oil products as compared with Malaysia in 2011, resulted in a flurry of downstream investments, industry participants added. Market players were optimistic that higher demand from China, India and Indonesia is expected to absorb the increments in supply, driven by higher population, GDP and disposable income growth. Key trends for oleochemicals market drivers would be in homecare, industrial, institutional and oilfield and biodiesel applications, Dr Pek added.
The year in LAB started with indications of a slowdown in demand. Qatar’s Seef Limited is running its 100,000 MT/year linear alkyl benzene (LAB) plant at 90% of capacity because of lower demand for LAB, a company source said on 21 January. Buyers in southeast Asia are said to hold sufficient inventory or can choose from a variety of sources locally and from other Middle Eastern and south/southeast Asian suppliers. According to ICIS data, by 2013, demand for LAB in Asia was at 1.4m tonnes/year versus a capacity of 1.68m tonnes/year.
SEEF is JV between Qatar Petroleum [80%] and local company UDC [20%].
The American Cleaning Institute (ACI) held its annual meeting as usual the last week in January in Orlando. Overall the mood was upbeat and lot of information can be gleaned about the industry via meetings, conversations, sessions and just old-fashioned. networking. I personally learned a whole lot over the course of about 6 days. But you’ll read none of it here. This is definitely one of those events where you “gotta be there”. The ACI puts together an outstanding meeting every year. Membership is open to anyone involved directly or indirectly in the cleaning industry. There is little excuse for not joining and getting involved.
At the end of January, Dow reported some solid Q4 2013 results, aided by a good surfactant business persformance. Dow’s net income for the fourth quarter of 2013 jumped to $963m compared to a $716m net loss during the same period the previous year, buoyed by gains from almost every operating segment. Adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, debt and amortisation (EBITDA) for the quarter increased 31% year on year to $2.1bn, while sales were up 3% year on year at $14.4bn, with sales increasing in all divisions aside from feedstocks and energy. Adjusted EBITDA for Dow’s performance materials division was $421m compared to $267m during the fourth quarter of 2012, with the polyols, surfactants and fluids business marking double-digit sales growth. Propylene oxide and propylene glycol sales also improved on healthy demand in home and personal care products, and additional production capacity in the Asia Pacific region. Despite, or perhaps because of this performance, so-called “activist investor, Daniel Loeb is lobbying Dow to spin off the whole of its petrochemicals business. Loeb, whose hedge fund Third Point acquired a $1.3bn stake in the company last week, has argued a standalone petrochemicals operation could generate significantly higher EBITDA, and would also be beneficial for the specialty-focused parent.
Our good friends and regular surfactant conference participants, Elevance announced the selection of URS to provide engineering, procurement and construction services for its planned biorefinery in Natchez, Mississippi, which is scheduled to be online in 2016. The scope of work under the URS contract will be converting Elevance’s existing biodiesel plant into a new biorefinery. This will be the second biorefinery for Elevance, and will also be based on the company’s metathesis technology. The 280,000 MT/year commercial-scale manufacturing facility in Natchez will produce new specialty chemicals, including multifunctional esters such as 9-decenoic methyl ester; bio-based alpha and internal olefins, including decene; and a mixture of oleochemicals. Accoding to Elevance, the specialty chemicals, olefins and oleochemicals produced at the company’s biorefineries will be used in personal care products, detergents and cleaners, lubricants and additives, engineered polymers, and other specialty chemicals markets.
Echoing comments that I made at the ICIS 3rd Asian Surfactant Conference in Singapore in November, Korea’s Miwon Commercial noted that it has been producing 20% less LAS at its 70,000 MT/year plant since the second half of 2013. Slim margins and lower demand were blamed. Recent increases in costs of feedstock LAB and precursor jet kerosene have been weighing down on margins of LAS producers, with some of them wary of incurring losses.
In news that did not exactly make headlines, but was no doubt picked up by anyone running an ethoxylation plant, the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) proposed five substances of very high concern (SVHCs) for authorization.
ECHA added that the substances - which include those used in the rubber and plastics and paints and coatings industries – have been prioritised because “they are used in high volumes and have widespread applications which may pose a threat to human health or the environment.” The materials under discussion include N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), used for production of coated textiles and synthetic fibres, diazene-1,2-dicarboxamide (C,C’-azodi (formamide)) (ADCA), an agent in the plastics and rubber industry, and Aluminosilicate Refractory Ceramic Fibres (Al-RCF), a ceramic-metal composite reinforcement used as insulation for high-temperature industries. Another insulator, Zirconia Aluminosilicate Refractory Ceramic Fibres (Zr-RCF), and 4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl) phenol, ethoxylated (4-tert-Octylphenol ethoxylates) (4-tert-OPnEO), used in paints and coating products, emulsion and polymerisation, are also under discussion.
ECHA added that it took into consideration comments from its public consultation on the materials, launched last year, and the view of the member states committee from December 2013. The final decision on the inclusion of the materials in Annex XIV – the authorisation list – will be taken by the European Commission in cooperation with member state representatives.
Huntsman’s net income for the fourth quarter of 2013 swung to a $41m gain, compared to a $40m loss during the same quarter the previous year. With revenues up across most divisions year on year and for the group as a whole, at $2.71bn compared to $2.62bn in the fourth quarter of 2012, the company attributed a strong quarter to restructuring efforts concentrating focus on key markets. EBITDA more than doubled year on year to $225m, while adjusted EBITDA of $313m represented a record for fourth-quarter earnings. Brights spots were many, but surfactants wasn’t one of them. Performance products division revenues were also up year on year due to higher sales volumes for all products except European home care surfactants. This of course, is a business slated for restructuring by Huntsman in Europe; the nature of which will likely be seen sometime later this first half of the year.
Stepan announced a rare decrease in net income or Q4, 2013 which fell 31% year over year to $10.7m, mainly because of higher raw material, maintenance and transportation costs in the company’s core North American surfactants business. Results included $700,000 in restructuring charges for shutting down sulfonation capacity in Canada. Stepan’s gross profit for the three months ended 31 December was $61m, down from $70m in the same period a year ago. However, fourth-quarter sales rose 11% year over year to $474m on higher volumes in each of the company’s three businesses, and because of a polyester resin acquisition. For the full 12 months of 2013, Stepan’s net income was $72.8m, down from $79.4m in 2012. Full-year sales were up 4% to $1.9bn. ”Despite the challenges faced in 2013, we recorded the second best year in our 82-year history and we remain optimistic about our future and our ability to deliver growth,” said CEO Quinn Stepan in an earnings call. ”Recent large investments in both surfactants and polymers contributed to our profitability in 2013 and should deliver income gains in 2014,” he said. ”Our balance sheet remains strong and we intend to make further investments that will improve our efficiency, accelerate our earnings growth, and deliver value to our shareholders,” Stepan added.
Oxiteno’s EBITDA in Q4 2103, just announced, was Brazilian reais (R) 107m ($45m), up by about 47% from R73m in the prior-year quarter, mainly due to the depreciation of the real and a more favourable sales mix. Despite a 4% year-on-year drop in consolidated quarterly sales volumes, mainly due to lower sales of glycols, parent Ultrapar said that sales of specialty chemicals increased by 6% – or 10,000 MT – as a result of recent investments in capacity expansion. Ultrapar said that in 2013 it invested R139m in Oxiteno, mainly directed to the expansion of ethoxylation production capacity at the company’s plants in Pasadena, Texas in the US and in Coatzacoalcos, Mexico. The conglomerate plans to invest some R244m in its chemical division in 2014, with R161m earmarked for the conclusion of capacity expansion in Coatzacoalcos and potential capacity expansion in Pasadena. The expansion in Mexico is expected to be operational this year, Ultrapar said, and will add 30,000 MT/year of production capacity.
Thanks again for reading and I look forward to seeing you at the 4th ICIS World Surfactants Conference in NYC, May 15 – 16th, 2014. Remember, Quinn Stepan, CEO of Stepan Co. Ltd. is keynote speaker!
Surfactants Outlook – 2014
For the first time, we have been persuaded to put forward an “Outlook” for surfactants in the coming year. All projections and predictions are, by definition, wrong as soon as they are made. What I provide here are some ideas about what could happen that I recommend you bear in mind as you plan and execute your business in the next 12 months. In some cases, I have been vague about the identity of companies that are mentioned. If you read closely enough and you are in the business already, you will likely guess who I am talking about. This post contains absolutely no confidential or inside information; just reading the tea-leaves, joining the dots and admittedly adding 2 and 2 to get 5. If you’d like to call me out in person for something I say here, I will see you at our 4th ICIS World Surfactants Conference in NYC, May 15 – 16th, 2014. You will also have an opportunity there to spend time face-to- face with practitioners far more expert than I am in their surfactants fields.
First the easy one: Huntsman will sell its European surfactant business, comprising sulfonation and ethoxylation plants. This has been announced and that is why it is an easy prediction. They will take the money and invest it in something that makes them a better return than what a non-integrated converter makes in an over-supplied commodity market when they are not a low cost producer. Who will buy the business? Clearly the opposite of Huntsman; that is a vertically integrated manufacturer that has a credible claim on being a low cost producer. There are a handful of them around and most are HQ’d in Southeast Asia. I won’t name the company I favor, but you know them already. Furthermore, the next steps for this company are further downstream and further West. Companies like Huntsman will therefore play to their strengths, which are to be found, in the case of Huntsman, on the US Gulf Coast, plugged firmly into an advantaged ethylene supply.
Here’s another easy one: The last of the major non-pipeline supplied ethoxylators in North America will set up a pipeline integrated EO supply. Not Solvay; that has already been announced. The completion of this move will set the clock ticking on the other stragglers, although there remains money to be made on high value specialty ethoxylation even when you are slap in the middle of the country and served by a railroad that would much rather be hauling cabbage or livestock or anything other than a highly explosive gas.
One more easy one: Oil and gas Chemicals will continue to be hot. Following Ecolab’s announcement of the acquisition of Nalco in July 2011 (followed by the acquisition of Champion), their stock shot up to outperform the Dow by 3X since then. Expect additional M&A in this field (pun intended) by companies like Sealed Air (new owners of Diversey) and surfactant companies looking to de-emphasize detergents and personal; Huntsman, Stepan, Sasol and BASF spring to mind.
Other non-detergent surfactant businesses will attract surfactant companies. These markets include, food, agriculture, emulsion polymerization and industrial lubricants. Small to mid-sized companies with a strong position in these markets may find it an opportune time to sell to their larger competitors. M&A will be a key factor here as getting into these markets, is easier said than done and, regardless, takes time.
We expect at least one merger between two of the Southeast Asian plantation based companies; one of whom has a significant and growing downstream presence in surfactants. The resulting giant will be active in investment in North America, particularly in ethoxylation and maybe also sulfonation. New projects are favored, although an acquisition in the US is not out of the question.
Europe continues to attract surfactant investment and something has to give. So we will see some significant surfactant and feedstock capacity being take off-stream by at least one of the old-line surfactant manufacturers in the field. This action will at least support a somewhat improved asset utilization rate in the industry as a whole. However, gross margins will at best hold level for the year.
Big chemical companies will continue to be flush with cash and therefore keen to do deals. Much of this money will be spent in areas relating to surfactants. We expect at least 2 or 3 private companies to be acquired in each of North America and Europe. Most by companies from Asia and a large Middle-Eastern acquirer who continues to move downstream into specialties where possible.
Thanks again for indulging these speculations. One final “prediction” I can make and that is we will have an outstanding time meeting, talking and networking at the 4th ICIS World Surfactants Conference in NYC, May 15 – 16th, 2014. I’ll see you there.
Surfactants Quarterly Review Q4 – 2013
For the last quarter of 2013, I have summarized key news from the surfactants market, aided as usual by the capable global news team at ICIS. A few of the links in the review point to ICIS articles (most of these need a subscription). As always, your inputs and critiques are welcome. For more exclusive surfactant information and networking, I will see you at our 4th ICIS World Surfactants Conference in NYC, May 15 – 16th, 2014.
Just as the quarter got underway, a little snippet caught our attention. Apparently, Bolivia’s state-owned EBIH is considering to build an ethylene oxide and glycol plant as part of a larger complex costing over $2.7 Billion to be built over the next 4 years. Interesting to hear how this develops and how it may shake up the cozy EO oligopoly in Latin America.
After teasing us with the prospect of, finally, another Latin American EO supplier, Bolivia revealed details for the GTL, polyolefin and methanol complex later in the month (download the report here). Bolivia’s ministry of hydrocarbons and energy released a report detailing an ambitious petrochemical construction programme that seeks to kick-start a new era through the industrialisation of the nation’s huge natural gas reserves. Industrialisation of natural gas became a reality in May this year following the inauguration of the Rio Grande liquids separation plant in the eastern Bolivian department of Santa Cruz. The plant will process around 5.m cubic metres (mcm)/day of natural gas and produce 361 tonnes/day of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and 195 bbl/day of isopentane. The LPG and isopentane will be used as feedstocks to supply the petrochemical chain. A second liquids separation plant in the Gran Chaco province of Tarija department in southern Bolivia is due to come on line in the second half of 2014. The plant will process natural gas to produce ethane, propane, butane among other products. The ethane and propane will serve as feedstock for the nearby Gran Chaco petrochemical complex. The projects in the report are divided into “current” and “future”, and will be developed by state-run energy company Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales Bolivianos (YPFB) and Empresa Boliviana de Industrialisation de Hidrocarburos (EBIH), a subsidiary of YPFB created by the Bolivian government in 2008 to develop domestic gas-fuelled heavy industry. As noted aboce, the possibility of building an ethylene oxide (EO) and ethylene glycol (EG) plant close to the Gran Chaco liquids separation plant, with capacities of 260,000 MT/yr of monoethylene glycol (MEG), 26,000 MT/yr of diethylene glycol (DEG) and 3,000 MT/yr of triethylene glycol (TEG), is currently being studied. The plant would use ethane and LPG feedstock, and require an investment of $580m.
The big, but perhaps not surprising, news of the quarter was that Huntsman plans to restructure its surfactant business in Europe. As anyone in the market knows (or if you’ve been to one of our training courses), it is tough to make money in surfactants in Europe, especially in detergents and personal care. Huntsman, accordingly plans to get out of assets that are focused on commodities in the region and focus on specialties. The process could take until the end of this year, said Stu Monteith, president of Huntsman’s performance products division which the surfactants business falls under. Around 250 employees in its European performance products division could be affected by the changes. If the restructuring takes the form of a sale (a logical objective) then there is no shortage of candidates to buy this business, including companies with a more vertically integrated position in the supply chain than Huntsman.
Shortly after the announcement of what sounds like a “retreat” in Europe, Huntsman announced a big advance with the addition of ethylene and EO capacity in North America. Huntsman is debottlenecking its Port Neches, Texas, ethane cracker and adding about 10% more ethylene capacity to take advantage of the shale gas boom. The company also is continuing in its plans to add 25% more capacity to its ethylene oxide (EO) plant in Port Neches. According to ICIS Plants & Projects database, Huntsman’s ethane cracker has a nameplate capacity of 193,000 tonnes/year, while its EO plant has a capacity of 460,000 tonnes/year. Huntsman is a major buyer of ethylene for its EO and ethylene glycol (EG) production, and the company is still weighing whether it makes economic sense to build a new cracker for its own ethylene consumption or wait and see if the ethylene market grows long as a result of the other planned projects and thus keeps it cheap. If Huntsman decided it wanted to get in on the new cracker rush, it likely would be as a partner in a project, according to the company.
In an interesting twist to the Huntsman EO expansion plan for North America, 5 years after Hurricane Ike tore a path of destruction through southeast Texas, a structure that fell victim to the storm was officially tasked in October with helping its current owner, Huntsman, grow its EO capacity. The unit in question was originally an ethylene glycol (EG) facility in Beaumont owned by DuPont-Lyondell joint venture PD Glycol. But the plant ceased operations after Ike made landfall in September 2008, soon followed by the severe economic recession of 2009. PD Glycol decided to put the facility up for sale, and Huntsman saw an opportunity, so they purchased the EG unit, took it apart and moved it by barge a few miles down the Neches River to the company’s Port Neches facility, where the company is retooling it for EO production and integrating it into the site, which currently has two EO reactors. When the former PD Glycol unit is fully up and running by the second quarter of 2015, the facility will become the largest single-site producer of EO in North America, Huntsman said, with capacity increased by 265m lbs/year, or about 25%. Currently, about 1bn lbs/year (453,600 tonnes/year) is produced at the facility, according to the company. All of that EO will be consumed by the US-based producer to make a variety of ethylene-based derivatives such as glycols, surfactants and amines, with more than 90% of the EO used at the Port Neches facility. Huntsman is investing up to $150m (€110m) in the expansion.
At a groundbreaking ceremony for the expansion, Peter Huntsman took the opportunity to lay out his company’s vision for the EO value chain in North America in this way: According to Huntsman, transportation safety issues will lead to further expansion of Huntsman’s ethylene oxide (EO) facilities in Texas. “I would imagine 5 or 10 years from now you’re going to see a totally different EO derivatives facility being built and expanded here, I think just for transportation safety issues and so forth,” said Peter Huntsman at the site. As more EO is produced as a result of the influx of ethylene production soon to come as part of the shale gas/ethane cracker boom, more integrated facilities will be necessary to handle and move EO safely. “Ten years from now we’re going to be hard pressed to move EO out of a plant, and so you have got to have singular locations that have ethylene oxide,” Huntsman added.
In keeping with Huntsman’s integrated ethoxylation theme, in November, Solvay announced a new alkoxylation facility project for North America. Solvay will build and operate a large-scale alkoxylation unit in Pasadena, Texas, at an integrated industrial facility of LyondellBasell’s Equistar Chemicals affiliate.
Solvay will invest nearly €40m ($54m) into the unit, which is expected to be operational in 2015. Equistar will supply the ethylene oxide via pipeline. The investment follows Solvay’s announcement in April this year that it will build an on-pipe alkoxylation facility in Singapore.
In the fatty alcohol market, prices settled up by a few cents per lb at the beginning of the quarter due to expectations of tight supply. Little did the market realize what was to come as a result of the Philippines typhoon which had a later outsized effect on the lauric value chain, including detergent range alcohols.
Thus at the end of November, Asia mid-cut fatty alcohols hit one-year high due to firm PKO prices. On 27 November, C12-14 fatty alcohols were assessed at $1,650-1,880/MT (€1,221-1,391/tonne) FOB SE Asia for December loading, up by $100-180/tonne from the previous week, according to ICIS data. On 27 November, PKO prices stood at $1,057.80/MT, up by $37.56/MT from the previous week.
Another big move for Solvay was announced early in the Quarter – the acquisition of Chemlogics (an oilfield chemicals company) at a prices of $1.35bn (€999m). Chemlogics, whose US assets include three production sites with annual capacity exceeding 300,000 MT/yr, offers products and technologies which enable oilfield service players worldwide to extract oil and gas. Chemlogics previously reported last-twelve-month sales of around $500m and has 277 employees. Pricing of the deal, therefore looks quite nice for selling shareholders, including Bill Frost who came to prominence by starting Chemron and selling it to Lubrizol. Solvay said that Chemlogics’s expertise in friction reducers, non-emulsifiers and extraction technologies perfectly fit with Solvay Novecare’s know-how in surfactants, natural polymers and eco-friendly solvents
Solvay’s Novecare continued on a roll with an announcement of an acquisition of the Brazil specialty chemical assets of ERCA Quimica. The acquisition will allow Solvaty to more than double its (admittedly small) production capacity in surfactants in Brazil. The deal includes ERCA‘s Brazilian specialty chemical assets and its portfolio of agrochemicals and home and personal care products.
Sasol announced some personnel changes involving names familiar to the surfactant industry. However these are unlikely to result in any significant strategy changes in surfactants due to the very strong bench in this area at the company. Andre de Ruyter, senior group executive for global chemicals and North American operations, resigned to join South Africa-based Nampak, according to a filing by the packaging and plastics producer on the JSE. He is to serve as executive director and CEO-designate from 1 January 2014, and will take over as CEO on 1 April 2014, following the resignation of current CEO Andrew Marshall, Nampak said. De Ruyter will stepped down from Sasol as of 30 November this year. He will be succeeded by Fleetwood Grobler, current manager of Sasol’s olefins and surfactants business.
In more big news from Sasol, the company appears to be making good progress on its significant investment plans in the US, and in proving that its gas to liquids (GTL) technology works effectively. An investment decision on the Westlake, Louisiana ethane cracker is expected in the middle of next year, the company said in a late November release. The go-ahead for the first planned GTL plant at the same location is likely to be given 18 to 24 months later.
Sasol’s ORYX GTL joint venture in Qatar produced 1.5m bbls of product in the three months to the end of September. That is an average 101% of design capacity. The plant is expected to operate at 90% on average in the current Sasol 2014 financial year. Sasol wants to invest more than $21bn in Louisiana in the US on chemicals and GTL plants, taking advantage of the increased availability of natural gas and ethane from shale. This is a huge bet on shale and the US market for the world’s largest synthetic fuels producer. The investments represent around 73% of Sasol’s current market capitalisation. Sasol is fracking in Canada but production is constrained because of low natural gas prices. It is making fastest progress on the 1.5m tonne/year, $5bn-7bn ethane cracker and downstream projects. Downstream from the cracker, Sasol will make LLDPE, low density polyethylene (LDPE), ethylene oxide (EO), mono-ethylene glycol (MEG) and Ziegler and Guerbet detergent alcohols. Contracts for basic engineering packages and services and for various technologies on the cracker and the planned downstream production units have been agreed. Front-end engineering (FEED) is underway for both the cracker and the GTL plant in the US. Fluor is the main FEED contractor for the cracker. Worley Parsons will manage the project alongside Sasol’s own people. Separately, a 100,000 MT/yr ethylene tetramerisation unit at its production site in Lake Charles, Louisiana is being commissioned. The project in on budget and schedule, Sasol said. This is the world’s first commercial unit using proprietary Sasol technology to convert ethylene to 1-octene and 1-hexene, both important co-monomers for linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE). The plant will be part of the company’s olefins & surfactants (O&S) reporting group. The US investments have the potential to underpin profitability in olefins & surfactants and in polymers for the group. Sasol’s US operations currently are the company’s cost leaders in chemicals benefitting from low US ethane prices. This is certainly true in Olefins & Surfactants (O&S) where the European businesses are under pressure from reduced volumes and lower margins.
Stepan continued its steady march forward with Q3 net income announced up slightly on higher polymers profits. Stepan said that its net profit for the third quarter of 2013 had increased by 1% year on year, to $20.4m (€14.9m). Net sales for the period increased by 8% year on year to $475.5m as a result of improved sales volumes, particularly in North America, where volumes increased by 2% compared to the same period a year earlier. Demand for agricultural products continued to increase globally, while sales of functional surfactants used in oilfields declined, the company added. “Despite the challenging operating environment, we delivered improved earnings,” said CEO Quinn Stepan. “Our businesses delivered volume growth and we continue to invest strategically for future global growth,” he added. Gross profit grew by $3m year on year to $74.3m, as lower surfactants profits were offset by a 30% increase in performance of the polymers division, driven by sales growth in Europe and a $3.7m business interruption insurance recovery related to a 2011 fire at a plant in Germany. Total third-quarter gross profit for the polymers division was $26.6m, while surfactant division gross profit fell by 2% year on year to $45m, and specialty products gross profit dropped 33% to $3.8m due to lower margins, the company added. Quinn Stepan said that the slow start to the year made achieving its planned full-year earnings growth “difficult”, adding that the realisation of acquisitions and capacity expansions are expected to buoy 2014 performance. He said: “We delivered slightly improved results in the third quarter, and we remain optimistic about our long-term growth. “The slow start to the year has made achieving full year earnings growth difficult, but we continue to pursue investments that will accelerate our growth. In 2014 we will realise the benefits of our recent acquisition and other capacity expansions,” he added.
With respect to investments: “We will look to make additional investments in Latin America to support the projected growth that we see in that market,” said Quinn Stepan during the same earnings call. Stepan did not elaborate on what those investments could be.
Earlier this year, Stepan said his company was looking to further expand its surfactants production capacity in Brazil, adding that the producer might build a second plant there or expand its existing facility at Vespasiano, near Belo Horizonte. The CEO also said it is not just the surfactant market that continues to grow but also the agricultural and oil field markets for which Stepan produces chemicals.
As follow-up to a prior announcement Evonik started up their 80,000 MT/yr surfactants facility in China at the end of October. The facility is located in the Shanghai Chemical Industry Park (SCIP) and its investment volume was in the “upper two-digit million Euro range”, the company said in a statement but did not specify the exact amount.
Over to China where the EO tidal wave just keeps coming as Oxiranchem announced that it looks to its Yangzhou EO plant start-up in July 2014. The plant has 200,000 MT/yr ethylene oxide (EO) capacity. The company is also looking at building another line with a similar capacity at the same site but this has yet to be confirmed, the source said. Oxiranchem is expected to import the bulk of its ethylene requirements next year although the company is looking to source the raw material domestically as well, the source said, without providing details.
In more China EO tidal wave news: China’s Fujian Refining & Petrochemical (FREP) has started construction of an ethylene oxide (EO)/ethylene glycol (EG) plant at Quanzhou in Fujian province in late October. The unit will have an EO capacity of 180,000 MT/yrand an EG capacity of 400,000 MT/yr, Sinopec said in an online newsletter.The plant, located at Quangang Petrochemical Industrial Park, will be operational in November 2014. FREP is a joint venture between Sinopec, Saudi Aramco and Exxon Mobil.
More from China, this time in oil-soluble surfactants, Chemtura started commercial operation at the Nantong facility for the production of lubricant additives including sulfonate grease. The building of a high-performing lubricant production plant, the second phase of the facility, will be completed in the middle of 2014, and the third phase which can produce urethanes is expected to be completed in 2015. Chemtura began construction of the Nantong facility in March 2012. Total investments for the three phases were $100m (€73m).
In Latin America, Brazil’s Ultrapar Q3 net income was announced up 13% year on year. Ultrapar posted a Q3 net income of Brazilian reais (R) 328m ($144m, €107m), up about 13% compared with R291m in the prior-year quarter. Sales and services revenue for the quarter reached R15.9bn, up by about 13% from R14.1bn, while earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) totalled R765m, up almost 18% from R651m, the company said. Ultrapar attributed the growth to higher sales volumes in the company’s fuel distribution subsidiaries Ipiranga and Ultragaz and an increase in operating scale due to recent investments. The company’s surfactants and solvents subsidiary, Oxiteno, saw a 6% drop in sales volumes due to lower sales of glycols in the domestic and overseas markets
In more North American investment news with relevance to surfactants, US-based Chevron Phillips Chemical (CP Chem) has completed a study to expand its capacity for normal alpha olefin (NAO) at Baytown, Texas, US by at least 20% and it plans to seek final project approval in the first quarter of 2014. Construction could begin in the first quarter, and the project could be completed in the second quarter of 2015.
In a rare display of market initiative from Pemex, the Mexican government owned petrochemical company announced late November that it is seeking a joint venture for ethylene glycol, EO and aromatics. The putative project also involves expanding cracker capacity in Mexico to align ethylene supply for EO. Pemex has two ethane crackers in Cangrejera and Morelos, Mexico, each with a capacity of 600,000 MT/yr. The company would like to expand these existing crackers to get another 200,000-300,000 MT/yr of ethylene. The project, including the construction of EO/EG and aromatics facilities, could take two to three years to complete. In September 2013, Pemex completed its first ever joint venture – a partnership with the dynamic private company, Mexichem to double vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) production to 400,000 MT/yr by 2015. Apparently this JV opened Pemex’s eyes to the benefits of operating more like a real company than as a ward of the state. There is talk of an amendment to the Mexican constitution to allow Pemex to move more into the North American commercial mainstream with the sort of operational independence enjoyed by its peers in the industry.
Clariant continue to maintain a solid profile in ethoxylation with an early December announcement that it will further expand US ethoxylation capacity at Clear Lake, TX. This second-phase expansion will include new reactors and additional storage facilities, bringing the overall ethoxylation capacity to more than 125,000 MT/yr from the current 95,000 MT/yr. The new project is scheduled to go on line in mid-2015. The second expansion brings Clariant’s total investment over the last five years to Swiss francs (Swfr) 65m ($72m), according to the firm. Products manufactured at the US site includes high molecular weight polyethylene glycols (PEGs), alcohol ethoxylates, sodium isethionates and ethoxylated specialties.
In a rare piece of growth-oriented news from Europe, Germany’s PCC announced a 42,000 MT/yr Mono-Chloro Acetic Acid plant in Poland The unit, PCC P4, will build the plant at a cost of zloty (Zl) 272m ($89.2m, €64.9m) on the grounds of another group subsidiary, surfactants producer PCC Exol, creating around 100 jobs in the Walbrzyska special economic zone near the border with Germany. Poland’s economy ministry is subsiding the construction of the MCAA plant with a grant of Zl 67m. In October PCC Exol said it would invest in constructing a new production line for high-margin amphoteric surfactants in the Walbrzyska special economic zone at an investment cost of Zl 10.75m
Just before Christmas, we heard that Thailand’s PTT Global Chemical (PTTGC) is proceeding with capacity expansion at its home production base in Map Ta Phut. This includes a plan to boost its ethylene oxide (EO) output by 2015.
Thanks again for reading and I look forward to seeing you at the 4th ICIS World Surfactants Conference in NYC, May 15 – 16th, 2014. Quinn Stepan, CEO of Stepan Co. Ltd. is keynote speaker!
3rd ICIS Asian Surfactants Conference
As we do periodically, I am happy to bring you a summary of what I think were the key points from the 3rd ICIS Asian Surfactants Conference in Singapore, November 14th and 15th. As you know, for the full benefit of these events, you just have to be there and I encourage you to join us at future surfactant conferences in Asia, Europe and the USA.
In my opening remarks, we discussed the global surfactant supply chain and how different companies pursue strategies which depend on the specific part of the value chain that they occupy. We studied the latest update of the surfactant vertical integration grid and located a number of company groupings focused on very different sections of the business. We also discussed some recent company investments that highlighted their approach to vertical integration.
Next up, Sarah Yarger Kienzle, managing partner of Linden Tree Partners gave a global updated of the surfactant market. One fascinating piece of data (for me) centered on the per capita consumption of surfactants for different regions of the world. The mature market consumption is dropping on a per capita basis, while emerging market are growing. The North American per capita consumption still leads the world, 60% of the number two Western European market.
A highly interesting talk from VVF came next. S. Harihasumbramanian gave an in-dept study the different technologies and markets for soap bars and surfactant based cleaners and ended up delivering a robust defense of the value and environmentally friendliness of soaps. Quite a unique and thought provoking perspective.
First-time speaker and long-time attendees, Exxon Mobil Chemical came up next with an in-depth look at their line of Exxal detergent range, petrochemical surfactants. An often overlooked class of compounds; it was interesting to see the focus being put by Exxon on the surfactant value chain.
The “sleeper” paper of the whole series came up next. After reading in the Wall Street Journal, about the mapping of the oil palm genome, I was determined to talk to one of the researchers to get an idea of what this work meant for the surfactant industry. Dr. Rajindra Singh of the MPOB gave an outstanding explanation of this 10 year program and its likely impact on our industry. If you missed this one, we are considering having a review of this work also at the World surfactant conference.
A perennially popular subject at our conference is EO (ethylene oxide). EO is the basis of most nonionics and a large portion of anionic surfactants. Michelle Yang of Tecnon Orbichem took us deep into the World and Chinese markets for EO and EOD’s (EO derivatives). In one of the most in-depth market surveys we have seen at one of these conferences. More than one reference was made to an oncoming tidal wave of EO – both in China and North America.
After lunch, Galder Cristobal of Solvay Novecare, really opened up the eyes of many of the attendees by providing an in-depth look into the world of enhanced oil recovery. Some interesting data on the high-throughput screening of four thousand formulations at a time really engaged the audience.
A surprising highlight of our entire series of conferences (at least for me) came during Reckitt Benckiser’s presentation, delivered by Samrat Sehgal, head of supply chain in India. As part of the Q&A, we were treated to a live case-study relating to surfactant importation strategy as one of Reckitt’s suppliers posed a real-time problem and Samrat addressed it as he would in a meeting with a supplier. As we like to say these conferences are “bigger on the inside” and you just have to be there in order to get the full benefit.
Once again, Icilio Adami of Desmet Ballestra delivered an outstanding paper with an incredible amount of information relating to the markets and technology relating to sulfonation. One day, Icilio may write a book. Until then, you have to come to our conferences.
Starting up the second day, I was very pleased to partner with our friends from ICIS Pricing to deliver a paper covering pricing of key surfactants and feedstocks in the Asia Pacific Region overlaid with a deep dive into the current economics of sulfonation and fatty alcohol manufacture in the region. I hope the audience enjoyed it as much as I did delivering it.
Novozymes returned to our speaker’s roster and as a sponsor again with the paper, entitled “Surfactants and Enzymes, Friends or Foes”. It was an informative and provactive look at the growing role of enzymes alongside surfactants in many application areas.
Martha Tilaar Group, a first time speaker and new name for our attendees, outlined their strategy for growth in the region. In fact, the presence of a Martha Tilaar shop in the mall next to the hotel provided an interesting back-drop to the proceedings.
Rounding out the entire proceedings was an outstanding paper from Dean Lao of Chemrez Technologies. Dean covered the Philippines as an oleochemicals investment opportunity and offered a robust analysis of the advantages of coconut as a crop. He also analysed the recent effects of the Typhoon on the Philipines coconut industry.
Overall; an enjoyable and informative conference which cements its place on the calendar as a can’t miss surfactant gathering for Asia. Thanks again for reading and I look forward to seeing you at the 4th ICIS World Surfactants Conference in New York, May 15th and 16th, 2014.